List from Chapter 7

HIGHEST RATIOS OF INCOMES BETWEEN BORDERING NATIONS

The border between the United States and Mexico is often considered to be where the developed nations and developing nations meet. Based on strict differences in income, these countries have the largest arithmetic difference between incomes of any two bordering nations ($27,300). The United States has a per capita income, based on GDP (gross domestic product), of four times what Mexico has. However, when multiples like that are used, many bordering nations have greater disparities between their incomes than the United States and Mexico.

The numbers seen below for each pair of nations are simply the per capita GDP of the first (richer) nation divided by that of the second (poorer) nation. Thus, one could say that South Korea is 19 times richer than bordering North Korea.

RICHER COUNTRY-POORER COUNTRY

1. South Korea-North Korea
2. Saudi Arabia-Yemen
3. South Africa-Mozambique
4. Oman-Yemen
5. Libya-Niger
6. Iran-Afghanistan
7. Libya-Chad
8. Gabon-Congo (Rep.)
9. Indonesia-East Timor
9. Kuwait-Iraq
RATIO OF HIGHER PER CAPITA
GDP TO LOWER PER CAPITA GDP
19.4
12.9
10.4
10.0
9.3
8.8
7.4
6.1
6.0
6.0

Only independent nations were listed. However, if the Gaza Strip were considered as an independent nation, Israel would have a per capita GDP of 30 times that of the Gaza Strip.

Source: CIA World Factbook, 2003 (using mostly 2002 data).

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Copyright 2004 Brandt Maxwell.