Bonus List

STATES WITH THE HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF THEIR HOUSING UNITS WITHOUT COMPLETE INDOOR PLUMBING

An overwhelming majority of housing units (including houses, trailers, apartments, etc.) in the United States have complete indoor plumbing--98.8 percent, according to the 2000 U.S. Census (or 1.2 percent without complete plumbing). Some states have far more than 1.2 percent of households without complete plumbing--generally either "rugged" northern mountainous states with a lot of cabins (some of which are only part-time residences) or low-income states that are primarily rural. In the case of Alaska, which ranks #1, extended below-freezing weather not only makes plumbing more of a challenge, but even maintaining a waterline to a house (or cabin) can be difficult where there is thick permafrost.

Delaware, in contrast, has the fewest houses lacking complete plumbing (0.5 percent).
STATE

1. Alaska
2. Maine
3. New Mexico
4. West Virginia
5. Montana
6. Vermont
7. Wyoming
8. Arizona
8. Kentucky
10. Arkansas
10. Minnesota
PERCENTAGE OF HOUSING UNITS
WITHOUT COMPLETE PLUMBING
12.2
4.4
3.1
3.0
2.4
2.3
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7


Source of Data: 2000 U.S. Census.

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Copyright 2005 Brandt Maxwell.